I have wide ranging research interests, but my current projects include:
The Ethics of Optimality: Values and the Limits of Quantification in Social Decision-Making
This multifaceted project project considers a class of decision methods such as cost-benefit analysis (CBA), in which advantages and aggregated and compared, and the problem that such methods ignore “fundamental ethical norms” such as justice, fairness, and equity. Responses to these challenges include 1) the metaethical claim that because ethical judgments are subjective or non-rational, they deserve no consideration in policy; 2) the extension of “benefits” and “costs” to include not only welfare-based preferences but also moral or value-based preferences and 3) “moderate deontology” or “weak welfarism,” in which the results of CBA are considered as just one factor among other values or constraints in a decision process. Drawing on metaethics, economic theory, and a case study involving health care resource allocation, I argue strategies 1) and 2) — which seek to preserve the formal structure of quantified optimality — face epistemological and ethical challenges and do not address the relevant difficulties.
Formalization and Mathematization in Economics
It is often said that economics is “too formalistic,” but there are many ways to interpret formalism in this context. This project draws on foundations of mathematics, axiomatization in science, feminist philosophy, and epistemologies of ignorance to consider the function of “minimal” or highly idealized models, the benefits and dangers of mathematization in social science, and how philosophy of applied mathematics bears on the economics context.
Algorithmic Racial discrimination: a Social Impact Approach
This paper, co-authored with Alysha Kassam, contributes to debates over algorithmic discrimination with particular attention to structural theories of racism and the problem of “proxy discrimination” — discriminatory effects that arise even when an algorithm has no information about socially sensitive features such as race. How should a structural understanding of racism and oppression inform our understanding of algorithmic discrimination and its associated norms?
My first book Moral Reasoning in a Pluralistic World (McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2015) addresses the question: How should we reason morally in a pluralistic world, in which we share multiple values (honesty, fairness, benevolence etc.) but interpret and prioritize these in different ways?
Reviews of Moral Reasoning in a Pluralistic World:
My second book Philosophy of Sex and Love: An Opinionated Introduction (Routledge Press, 2019), explores basic issues surrounding sex and love in today’s world, such as consent, objectification, non-monogamy, racial stereotyping, and the need to reconcile contemporary expectations about gender equality with our beliefs about how love works.
Philosophy of Sex and Love: An Opinionated Introduction (Routledge Press, 2019) [Amazon, Indigo].
Selected articles and book chapters
“Objectification: Conceptual and Normative Groundwork” in Clare Chambers, Brian Earp, and Lori Watson, Routledge Handbook on the Philosophy of Sex and Sexuality (Routledge, forthcoming).
“Sexual Use, Sexual Autonomy, and Adaptive Preferences: A Social Approach to Sexual Objectification,” in David Boonin, ed., Palgrave Handbook of Sexual Ethics (Palgrave, 2022).
“Value Pluralism and the Foundations of Normative Law and Economics: The Case of Threshold Deontology,” Magdalena Małecka and Peter Cserne, eds., Law and Economics as Interdisciplinary Exchange (Routledge, 2020) [postprint].
“Ethical Implications of Scientific Imperialism: Two Examples from Economics,” in Manuela Fernández Pinto and Uskali Mäki, eds., Scientific Imperialism: Exploring the Boundaries of Interdisciplinarity (Routledge, 2017) [preprint].
“Representation-Friendly Deflationism vs. Modest Correspondence” in Cory Wright and Nikolaj Pedersen, eds., New Waves in Philosophy: Truth (New York: Palgrave McMillan, 2010), 218-231 [post-print].
Review of Laurie Shrage, You’ve Changed”: Sex Reassignment and Personal Identity, Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews, January 8, 2010 [link to review at NDPR site].
Review of Mario Perniola, The Sex Appeal of the Inorganic: Philosophies of Desire in the Modern World (Massimo Verdicchio, translator), Journal of the History of Philosophy 19 (2010), pp. 179-182 [link], [post-print].
Review of Monique Canto-Sperber, Moral Disquiet and Human Life (Silvia Pavel, translator), Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews, October 4, 2008 [link to review at NDPR site].
Review of Anne Dufourmantelle, Blind Date: Sex and Philosophy (Catherine Porter, translator), APA Newsletter on Feminism and Philosophy, 8 (2008), 23-24 [post-print].
“Sex Work,” in Hugh LaFollette, ed., The International Encyclopedia of Ethics (Blackwell, 2013; revised version 2016 ) [link].
Selected talks and conference presentations
On the Use of Mathematics in Economics: Formalism, Fit, and Physics” American Philosophical Association, Eastern Division Meeting 2021. [Handout]
Commentary on Allen Buchanan and Russell Powell, The Evolution of Moral Progress.
American Philosophical Association, Central Division Meeting 2020. [Marino comments on Evo Moral Prog].
Comments on Brian Weatherson’s Normative Externalism, Ryerson University, December 6, 2019. [Marino on BW book].
Commentary on Colin Marshall Colin Marshall’s Compassionate Moral Realism
American Philosophical Association, Pacific Division Meeting 2019.
“Anti-Formalism in Philosophy of Economics: Mathematical Foundations or Mathematical Style?” Society for Exact Philosophy, 2019; CSHPS, June 2019; Midwest Philosophy of Mathematics Conference, Notre Dame, November 2019.
“Moral Pluralism, Disagreement, and Informed Consent,” Canadian Philosophical Association June 2, 2019; CSWIP at the University of Guelph, October 2019; Romanell Workshop at the University at Buffalo, November 2019.
Commentary on Michael Da Silva’s “In Defense of an Explanatoriness Criterion for Moral Philosophy” at the CPA. Text of CPA comment Da Silva
Values, Gender, and the Economics of Love, Keynote at the Women and Academia conference, Department of Logic and Philosophy of Science, University of California, Irvine, May 2019.
“Algorithmic Ethics and Racial Discrimination,” Business Ethics in the 6ix, May 16, 2019.
Comments on Colin Marshall’s Compassionate Moral Realism, Pacific APA April 2019. Marino comment on CMR.
“Ethics, Economics Imperialism, and Values in Science, “PPE Society Conference, March 30, 2019.
“Moderate Deontology, Arbitrariness, and the Problem of the Threshold,” American Philosophical Association, Eastern Division Meeting, January 8, 2019.
“Underdetermination, Methodology, and Normativity in Distinguishing Rational from Irrational Behavior,” Joint conference of the European Network for the Philosophy of Social Science and the Philosophy of Social Science Roundtable, Hannover, Germany, August 31, 2018.”
Value Pluralism and the Epistemological Status of Economic Consequentialism.”
4th International Conference on “Economic Philosophy”: Norms and Normativity, June 28, 2018.
“Deontological Pluralism and its Consequentialist Critics.”
University of Helsinki Department of Practical Philosophy colloquium series, June 6, 2018.
Comments on Waheed Hussain’s “A Dynamical View of Corporate Authority.”
Business Ethics in the 6ix, May 14, 2018.
Science, Sex, and the Search for a “Female Viagra.” University of Windsor, March 2018 [handout]
“Sexual Decision-Making and Relational Theories of Autonomy,” XXXVth International Congress on Law and Mental Health, Prague, Czech Republic, July 14, 2017.
“Response to Critics,” Author-meets-critics session on my Moral Reasoning in a Pluralistic World. Canadian Philosophical Association annual meeting, May 28, 2017.
Comments on Carrie Jenkins’s What Love Is and What It Ought to Be, author-meets-critics session. Canadian Philosophical Association annual meeting, May 30, 2017.
“Value Pluralism, Challenges to Consequentialism, and the Law and Economics Movement, ” Brooklyn Law School, Faculty Workshop Series, February 16, 2017, Workshop in Methodology in Applied Ethics, Georgetown University, February 26, 2017, Association for the Study of Law, Culture, and the Humanities annual conference, April 1, 2017, and MetaLawEcon Workshop on Law and Economics: Theoretical and Practical Dimensions of Interdisciplinarity, TINT, University of Helsinki. November 9, 2017.
Commentary on Nelson Tebbe’s Religious Freedom in an Egalitarian Age at a roundtable symposium at St. John’s Law School, September 16, 2016.
“Economic Explanation Ambiguity and Its Normative Implications,” North American Society for Social Philosophy, Thirty-Third International Social Philosophy Conferences, July 2016 and Western University Philosophy Department colloquium series, April 21, 2017.
“Affirmative Consent and Female Desire,” Meeting of the Society for the Philosophy of Sex and Love at the American Philosophical Association Pacific Division Meeting, April 12, 2017 and Conference on Consent and Coercion in the Sexual Sphere, University of Virginia, April 15, 2016.
“Economic Explanation Ambiguity and Its Normative Implications,” North American Society for Social Philosophy, Thirty-Third International Social Philosophy Conferences, July 2016.
“Objectification, Mutuality, and Autonomy,” Conference in honor of Alan Goldman, College of William and Mary, September 5, 2015.
“Ethical Implications of Economics Imperialism: Two Examples, Workshop on Scientific Imperialism, TINT Academy of Finland Centre of Excellence in the Philosophy of Social Sciences, April 16, 2015.
“Love and Economics: The Problem of Altruistic Preferences,” American Philosophical Association Pacific Division Meeting (Main Program), April 1, 2015.
“A Problem in Economic Explanation,” University at Buffalo Department of Philosophy, Lunchtime Philosophy Series, March 27, 2015.
“Sexual Objectification and Social Autonomy,” University of Waterloo Gender and Equity Scholarship Series, March 23, 2015.
“Feminist Perspectives on Rational Choice Theory and the Problem of Altruistic Preferences,” Science, Technology, and Gender: Challenges and Opportunities: A conference held with The Association for Feminist Epistemologies, Methodologies, Metaphysics, and Science Studies (FEMMSS) and the Canadian Society for Women in Philosophy (CSWIP), August 2014.
“Dilemmas and Disagreement: Moral Coherence and Justification in Pluralistic Contexts,” Joint Centre for Bioethics, Toronto ON, April 9, 2014.
“Utilitarianism, Intuitions, Rationality and Neuroscience,” co-authored with Rosalind Abdool, American Philosophical Association Central Division Meeting, February 2014 Pittsburgh Area Philosophy Colloquium, Washington and Jefferson College, Saturday, September 21st, 2013.
“The Cold-Blooded Economist is a Dangerous Figure,” Total Money Makeover: Culture and the Economization of Everything, sponsored by the Canadian Association for American Studies, Oct 24, 2013.
“Utilitarianism, Intuitions, Rationality and Neuroscience,” co-authored with Rosalind Abdool, Pittsburgh Area Philosophy Colloquium, Washington and Jefferson College, Saturday, September 21st, 2013 and Central APA February 2014.
“Objectify Me: Sexual Autonomy and the Utopia of Non-Conformity,” Keynote Address at Queertopia 6.0, Northwestern University, April 2013.
“Sexual Use, Sexual Autonomy, and Adaptive Preferences,” McMaster University, September 2012.
“Philosophy Is Not a Social Science: Value Neutrality, the Humanistic Method, and the Ethical Point of View” Philosophy in the Twenty-First Century Conference, University of Pittsburgh, May 2012.
“Moral Coherence and Value Pluralism,” University of Guelph, September 2011.
“Sexual Autonomy and Sexual Choices,” North American Society for Social Philosophy Twenty-Eighth International Social Philosophy Conference, July 2011.
“On Tom Hurka’s The Best Things in Life,” part of an author-meets-critics session, Canadian Philosophical Association, May 2010.
Page last updated May 6, 2022